What is Companies Auditors Report Order 2020?

Companies Auditors Report
Author name: Neetu Mishra
Created date: 26-10-2023
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In an ever-evolving corporate landscape, transparency and accountability are paramount. One crucial aspect of this transparency is the audit process, which ensures that a company's financial statements are accurate and reliable. The Companies (Auditor's Report) Order, 2020 (CARO 2020) marks a significant step in improving corporate governance and transparency in India. Issued under the Companies Act, 2013, CARO 2020 lays out additional reporting requirements for statutory auditors of companies. It aims to enhance the quality of financial reporting and bring greater accountability to the corporate sector. In this blog, we'll explore the applicability of CARO 2020 and the detailed reporting requirements it imposes.

Understanding the Companies Auditors Report Order 2020

The Companies Auditors Report Order 2020, often referred to as CARO 2020, is a directive issued by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs in India. It outlines the specific requirements that auditors must adhere to when examining a company's financial statements. The primary goal of CARO 2020 is to enhance the quality of financial reporting, thereby increasing transparency and ensuring that stakeholders can make informed decisions.

Key Changes and Amendments


1. Expanded Reporting Requirements

CARO 2020 significantly expands the reporting requirements for auditors. It mandates that auditors report on a wide range of aspects, including internal financial controls, loans granted, investments made, and guarantees provided by the company.

2. Evaluation of Fraud

The order necessitates that auditors evaluate the company's internal control systems to identify and report any instances of fraud. This is a vital step in maintaining the integrity of financial reporting.

3. Reporting on Default in Loan Repayments

Under CARO 2020, auditors are required to report instances of defaults in loan repayments, providing stakeholders with a clearer picture of the company's financial health.

Applicability of CARO 2020

CARO 2020 is applicable to all statutory audits commencing on or after April 1, 2021, corresponding to the financial year 2020-21. It encompasses all companies that were previously covered by CARO 2016. However, certain categories of companies are exempt from its requirements. These include one person companies, small companies with specific criteria, banking companies, charitable organizations, and insurance companies. Additionally, private companies that meet certain financial thresholds are also exempt from CARO 2020.

Reporting Requirements Under CARO 2020

CARO 2020 introduces a range of reporting requirements that auditors must address in their reports. Let's delve into the specific areas covered by these reporting requirements:

  1. Details of Tangible and Intangible Assets: Auditors must report on the completeness and accuracy of records pertaining to a company's tangible and intangible assets. This includes physical verification of assets and checks on property titles.
  2. Inventory and Working Capital: Auditors need to verify physical inventory at regular intervals and report on any significant discrepancies. They also assess the company's compliance with working capital limits.
  3. Investments, Guarantees, and Loans: Auditors examine the company's investments, guarantees, and loans to other entities, providing details on the amounts involved and compliance with relevant provisions.
  4. Loan Transactions with Directors: Auditors report on loans granted to directors or related individuals and ensure compliance with legal requirements.
  5. Compliance with Deposits Accepted: Companies accepting deposits must comply with regulatory directives, and auditors ensure these regulations are met.
  6. Maintenance of Costing Records: When necessary, auditors evaluate whether companies maintain cost records as required by law.
  7. Deposit of Statutory Liabilities: Auditors review the timely deposit of statutory dues, such as taxes and contributions to authorities.
  8. Unrecorded Income: Auditors report on any unrecorded transactions or undisclosed income and ensure that tax authorities have been appropriately informed.
  9. Default in Repayment of Borrowings: Any defaults in repaying loans from banks, government entities, or debenture-holders are reported, along with reasons and actions taken.
  10. Funds Raised and Utilization: Auditors assess whether funds raised, whether through public or private offerings, have been used for the intended purposes and report on any non-compliance.
  11. Fraud and Whistle-blower Complaints: Auditors investigate and report on any instances of fraud, as well as whether whistle-blower complaints have been considered.
  12. Compliance by Nidhi Companies: Auditors evaluate Nidhi companies' compliance with specific requirements regarding net-owned funds, term deposits, and repayment.
  13. Related Party Transactions: Auditors ensure that transactions with related parties comply with legal provisions and that appropriate disclosures are made in financial statements.
  14. Internal Audit System: Companies must maintain an internal audit system, and auditors report on whether it is suitable for the company's size and business activities.
  15. Non-Cash Transactions: Auditors assess any non-cash transactions with directors and connected individuals to ensure compliance with legal restrictions.
  16. Registration under the RBI Act: Auditors confirm whether the company is required to be registered under Section 45-IA of the RBI Act and has obtained such registration.
  17. Cash Losses: Auditors report on any cash losses incurred during the financial year.
  18. Resignation of Statutory Auditors: If auditors resign during the year, the reasons and concerns raised are reported.
  19. Material Uncertainty: Auditors evaluate the company's ability to meet future liabilities and report any material uncertainties.
  20. Transfer to Fund under Schedule VII: Auditors confirm whether unspent funds for Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) have been transferred to the specified fund as required by law.
  21. Qualifications or Adverse Remarks in Group Companies: If any group companies have received qualifications or adverse remarks in their audit reports, auditors report on these findings.

These reporting requirements are critical in promoting transparency and compliance in the corporate sector.


Implications for Companies

The Companies Auditors Report Order 2020 has several implications for companies. It places a greater onus on them to maintain accurate and transparent financial records. Companies must ensure that their internal controls are robust, and they comply with all regulatory requirements to avoid adverse audit reports.

Benefits of CARO 2020

CARO 2020 isn't just about compliance; it offers several benefits for all stakeholders involved.

1. Enhanced Accountability

By making auditors report extensively on various aspects of a company's financial health, CARO 2020 enhances accountability, ensuring that companies maintain the highest standards of transparency.

2. Improved Investor Confidence

Investors base their decisions on audited financial figures. CARO 2020 helps improve investor confidence by providing more comprehensive and reliable financial reports.

3. Prevention of Fraud

The order's focus on evaluating and reporting fraud helps in preventing fraudulent activities within companies, safeguarding the interests of shareholders and creditors.


In conclusion, the Companies Auditors Report Order 2020 is a pivotal development in the world of corporate governance. It enhances transparency, accountability, and the reliability of financial statements, benefiting companies, investors, and all stakeholders. To stay ahead in the ever-changing business environment, companies must embrace the principles and guidelines laid out in CARO 2020.


1. What is CARO 2020?

CARO 2020, or the Companies Auditors Report Order 2020, is a directive issued by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs in India, outlining specific requirements for auditors when examining a company's financial statements.

2. What are the key changes in CARO 2020?

Some key changes in CARO 2020 include expanded reporting requirements, the evaluation of fraud, and reporting on default in loan repayments.

3. How does CARO 2020 enhance accountability?

CARO 2020 enhances accountability by making auditors report extensively on various aspects of a company's financial health, ensuring that companies maintain high standards of transparency.

4. What are the benefits of CARO 2020?

The benefits of CARO 2020 include enhanced investor confidence, improved prevention of fraud, and overall better financial reporting quality.

5. Who does CARO 2020 benefit?

CARO 2020 benefits companies, investors, shareholders, and all stakeholders by increasing transparency and accountability in financial reporting.

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