Understanding TDS on Property: A Simple Guide

Author name: Ashish Gambhir
Created date: 24-05-2024
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Buying property is a significant milestone, but it also comes with various financial responsibilities, including taxes. One critical aspect often overlooked is the TDS (Tax Deducted at Source) provision that applies when purchasing property in India. In this blog, we'll break down TDS on property in the simplest terms, ensuring you understand your obligations and how to comply with them. If you're looking for expert guidance, a CA near you can be a valuable resource for tax planning and compliance.

What is TDS on Property?

TDS on property is a tax provision where the buyer deducts a certain percentage of the property's sale value and pays it directly to the government. This ensures that the seller's income from the property sale is reported to the tax authorities.

Why is TDS Deducted?

The primary purpose of TDS is to collect tax at the source of income. It helps prevent tax evasion and ensures that the government receives tax revenue on time. When you buy property, TDS ensures that the seller's profit from the sale is taxed appropriately.

When is TDS Applicable?

TDS on property is applicable under the following conditions:

Residential Property: When you buy residential property (house, flat, etc.) costing ₹50 lakhs or more.

Commercial Property: When you purchase commercial property (office, shop, etc.) costing ₹50 lakhs or more.

How Much TDS to Deduct?

The TDS rate for property purchases is 1% of the total sale consideration. For instance, if you're buying a house worth ₹70 lakhs, you need to deduct ₹70,000 as TDS and pay it to the government.

Steps to Deduct and Pay TDS on Property

Collect Seller's PAN: Ensure you have the Permanent Account Number (PAN) of the seller before proceeding.

Deduct TDS: Calculate and deduct 1% TDS from the total sale amount.

Deposit TDS: Use Form 26QB to deposit the TDS online through the Income Tax Department's website within 30 days from the end of the month in which the TDS is deducted.

Issue TDS Certificate: Generate and provide Form 16B (TDS certificate) to the seller within 15 days of depositing the TDS.

Filling Form 26QB & Downloading Form 16B

Filling out Form 26QB is straightforward. Here’s a step-by-step guide:

Visit the TIN-NSDL website and select "TDS on Property (Form 26QB)".

Enter details such as the buyer's and seller's PAN, property details, sale amount, and TDS amount.

Make the payment through net banking or at authorized bank branches.

After successful payment, you can download the acknowledgment slip.

To download Form 16B:

Log in to the TRACES website.

Select "Form 16B (for Buyer)" under the "Downloads" section.

Enter the details and download the TDS certificate.

Penalties for Non-Compliance

Failure to deduct or deposit TDS on property can result in penalties and interest charges. It's crucial to adhere to the rules to avoid these complications.

Common Queries

1. Do I need a CA for this process?

While you can handle TDS on property yourself, consulting a CA for tax planning can simplify the process and ensure compliance. Searching for a "CA near me" can help you find local experts.

2. What if the seller doesn’t have a PAN?

If the seller doesn’t provide a PAN, TDS should be deducted at 20% instead of 1%, which can significantly impact the transaction. Therefore, always ensure the seller provides a PAN.

3. Are NRIs subject to TDS on property?

Yes, if you’re purchasing property from a Non-Resident Indian (NRI), TDS rules are different. The rate can vary (20% or more), and consulting a CA for tax planning is advisable in such cases.

Benefits of Consulting a CA

Expert Guidance: A CA can provide expert advice on all tax-related matters, ensuring you don’t miss out on important details.

Tax Planning: Effective tax planning can save you money and avoid future hassles.

Compliance: A CA ensures you comply with all legal requirements, avoiding penalties and interest.


Understanding TDS on property is crucial for any property buyer in India. It's a simple yet essential process to ensure tax compliance. By deducting and depositing TDS correctly, you contribute to the country's tax system and avoid potential legal issues. If you need help, don't hesitate to consult a CA near you for tax planning and compliance.

For more insights and expert advice, always consider reaching out to a CA. Whether you're dealing with TDS on property or other tax matters, professional guidance can make a significant difference.

Keywords: CA near me, CA for tax planning, TDS on property, TDS deduction on property, property purchase tax, TDS compliance, real estate tax deduction, property tax planning, TDS certificate, Form 26QB, Form 16B, NRI property tax, tax expert, ca in Ghaziabad, ca in Noida, ca in Bangalore, ca in delhi

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